Nuisance & Problem Wildlife

Nuisance & Problem Wildlife

How to Prevent or Resolve Conflict with Wildlife

As human populations continue to rise and move into traditional wildlife habitat, human/wildlife contact is becoming more prevalent. This section provides general information and techniques for Virginia property owners when wildlife becomes a problem.

Below are some easy techniques which will usually solve the problem and prevent it from re-occurring:

  • If you are feeding wildlife, stop. This will cause them to lose their natural fear of humans.
  • Keep trash inside until the morning of trash pick-up or place trash in an animal proof container, such as a metal trashcan with latches on the lids.
  • Do not leave pet food outside; keep pet feeding areas clean.
  • Remove bird feeders when problem species, such as bears, have been seen around them.
  • Close up all openings under and into your buildings. Animals look for places to den and raise their young—don’t give them that opportunity.
  • Clear overhanging tree limbs and branches which may be providing wildlife access to structures.
  • Clear fallen fruit from around trees.
  • Pass along this information to your neighbors. If anyone in the neighborhood is feeding wildlife directly, or indirectly, it can cause trouble for everyone.
  • Reflective tape, lights, or noise sometimes works, but they will eventually grow accustomed to these methods, so this is only a temporary solution.
  • Electric fencing can be very effective in keeping wildlife out of crops, beehives and structures.
  • It is illegal in the State of Virginia to trap and relocate an animal to another area.

If these techniques do not solve the problem, you can contact a licensed trapper or a critter removal service which you can find in your local phone directory.

If you are experiencing a problem with wildlife, please dial our toll-free wildlife conflict helpline at 1-855-571-9003.

November 2016 Recipes

Brussels Sprouts with Ham and Caramelized Onions





4 ounces country ham, thinly sliced

5 tablespoons olive oil, divided

2 pounds fresh Brussels sprouts, trimmed and halved

2 teaspoons kosher salt, divided

2 pounds yellow onions, thinly sliced

1/4 cup honey

1/2 teaspoon cracked black pepper

1/4 teaspoon ground red pepper



1. Sauté ham in 3 Tbsp. hot oil in a large skillet over medium heat 3 to 5 minutes or until crisp; remove with a slotted spoon, and drain on paper towels.

2. Add Brussels sprouts to skillet, and cook, stirring occasionally, 7 to 8 minutes or until light brown and crisp-tender; toss with 1 tsp. salt. Transfer Brussels sprouts to a bowl. Wipe skillet clean.

3. Heat remaining 2 Tbsp. oil in skillet over medium-high heat; add onions, and cook, stirring occasionally, 15 to 20 minutes or until light brown and tender. Stir in honey, next 2 ingredients, and remaining 1 tsp. salt. Add Brussels sprouts, and cook, stirring constantly, 1 to 2 minutes or until thoroughly heated. Top with ham.

Oven-Roasted Brussels Sprouts: Preheat oven to 425°. Increase olive oil to 7 Tbsp. Heat a 15- x 10-inch jelly-roll pan in oven 10 minutes. Prepare recipe through Step 3, omitting Step 2. Toss sprouts with 2 Tbsp. olive oil, 1/2 tsp. freshly ground black pepper, and 1 tsp. kosher salt. Place sprouts, cut sides down, in hot jelly-roll pan, and bake 20 to 25 minutes. Toss with ham and caramelized onions.


Roasted Root Vegetables

From Southern Living


1 pound turnips

1 pound rutabagas

1 pound carrots

1 pound parsnips

3 shallots, halved

1/2 cup olive oil

2 tablespoons chopped fresh rosemary

2 teaspoons kosher salt

1 teaspoon black pepper

8 garlic cloves



Preheat to 400°. Peel first 4 ingredients; cut into 1-inch pieces. (If your carrots are small enough, leave them whole.) Toss with shallots and next 4 ingredients. Place in a single layer in a 17- x 11-inch jelly-roll pan. Bake 30 minutes, stirring halfway through. Add garlic; bake 45 minutes or until tender, stirring at 15-minute intervals.

Note: You can prepare 4 hours ahead: Cool in pan 30 minutes or to room temperature; bake at 450° for 10 to 15 minutes or until hot.


Carrot Orzo


8 ounces carrots, cut into 1-inch pieces (about 2 cups)

2 1/2 cups chicken broth

3 tablespoons butter

1 medium onion, chopped

2 cups uncooked orzo pasta

2 garlic cloves, minced

1 teaspoon salt

1/2 teaspoon pepper

1 cup freshly grated Parmesan cheese

3 tablespoons chopped fresh chives

1 teaspoon chopped fresh thyme



1. Process carrots in a food processor 15 seconds or until finely chopped.

2. Combine 2 1/2 cups water and broth in a microwave-safe measuring cup. Microwave at HIGH 5 minutes or until very hot.

3. Meanwhile, melt butter in a large saucepan over medium heat. Add carrots and onion, and cook, stirring occasionally, 5 minutes or until tender. Add orzo and garlic, and cook 1 minute.

4. Slowly stir hot broth mixture, salt, and pepper into orzo mixture. Cook, stirring often, 15 to 18 minutes or until liquid is absorbed.

5. Stir in Parmesan cheese, chives, and thyme until blended. Serve orzo immediately. Garnish, if desired.

Meaning of Thanksgiving

Meaning of Thanksgiving

Meaning of Thanksgiving – The Real Celebration
For many of us, the meaning of Thanksgiving usually includes feasting, four-day weekends, football games, floats, family reunions, or a forerunner to Christmas festivities. The “first Thanksgiving,” however, was neither a feast nor a holiday, but a simple gathering. Following the Mayflower’s arrival at Plymouth Rock on December 11, 1620, the Pilgrims suffered the lost of 46 of their original 102 colonists. With the help of 91 Indians, the remaining Pilgrims survived the bitter winter and yielded a bountiful harvest in 1621. In celebration, a traditional English harvest festival, lasting three days brought the Pilgrims and natives to unite in a “thanksgiving” observance.

This “thanksgiving” meal would not be celebrated again until June of 1676. On June 29 the community of Charlestown, Massachusetts proclaimed a day of thanksgiving for their good fortune. Ironically, this celebration excluded the Indians, as the colonists’ recognized their recent victory over the “heathen natives.” One hundred years later, in October of 1777, all 13 colonies participated in a one-time “thanksgiving” celebration which commemorated the patriotic victory over the British at Saratoga. It would take a span of over 150 more years to establish Thanksgiving as we celebrate it — George Washington proclaimed it a National holiday in 1789, Lincoln proclaimed the last Thursday in November in 1863, and Congress sanctioned it as a legal holiday in 1941.

Meaning of Thanksgiving – Expressions of Gratitude
The meaning of Thanksgiving has undergone numerous transitions — an expression of gratitude for survival, a council’s recognition of its flourishing community, submission of the local natives, the defeat over the British, resulting in a collection of our nation’s traditions and values. Over the centuries, families added their customs to the Thanksgiving celebration, preserving that which they held most precious.

  • To gather in unity – It is refreshing and invigorating when people come together, in celebration of a common purpose. It is a reconciliation of differences as well as a time of healing. In sharing our victories as well as our struggles, we find strength and hope.
  • To teach the young – In stories retold, each generation brings purpose and significance to the richness of their heritage. Faded pictures, sentimental knick-knacks, even the prayer of Thanksgiving before the meal all form a Thanksgiving family legacy.
  • To prepare the heart – In gratitude, we humbly reflect upon all the gifts (family, friends, health) that saturate our lives. By “giving-thanks” we choose to extend ourselves and give to others less fortunate. Out of the abundance of our hearts, we are able to offer our resources to help others.

14th Annual “Freeze Your Gizzard” 5K Cross Country Race

14th Annual “Freeze Your Gizzard” 5K Cross Country Race and 1 Mile Fun Run Set for Saturday, November 19, 2016

Event will collect donations of non-perishable food for Loudoun Hunger Relief.

Post Date:11/08/2016 9:45 AM


Leesburg, VA – Celebrate Thanksgiving a little early this year and take the opportunity to have fun, exercise, and perhaps win a turkey as you freeze your gizzard at Ida Lee Park! The Leesburg Parks and Recreation Department, in partnership with Loudoun Hunger Relief, is hosting the 14th Annual Freeze Your Gizzard Cross Country 5K and 1 Mile Fun Run on Saturday, November 19, 2016. Runners of all skill levels and ages are invited to join the fun in this cross country style race.

The race will be held on Saturday, November 19, 2016, and will begin at 9:00am in the front field of Ida Lee Park. The entry fee for pre-registration is $25 for the 5K and $10 for the 1 mile, plus 2 cans of food to be brought the day of the event. Day-of-event registration is also available beginning at 7:00am at $30 for the 5K and $15 for the 1 mile, plus 2 cans of food. Canned food will be donated to Loudoun Hunger Relief’s food bank. More than 1,200 lbs of food was donated at last year’s race.

The race will be timed by Potomac River Running using the Chronotrack electronic timing system, a state-of-the-art timing system used in top races nation-wide. Pre-registration can be completed in person at the Ida Lee Park Recreation Center or on-line at, until 8:00pm on Thursday, November 17, 2016.


Pre-registered 5K runners will receive long-sleeve commemorative T-shirts and 1 mile runners will receive race medals. Refreshments for all runners will be provided following the race. Thanksgiving-themed prizes will be awarded to the first, second, and third place male and female finishers of the 5K for each age category. Age categories are 14 & under, 15-19, 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, and 60 & over. Door prizes and prizes for Best Costumes will be awarded following the race. Come early and participate in the pre-race warm up and stretches! Dogs, wagons and strollers are not permitted on the course.

The race will start and finish at the gazebo in the front field of Ida Lee Park. Please follow parking signs for the event. Parking for the event will be in the festival field and can only be accessed from North King Street (Business Route 15). There will be no access to race parking from Ida Lee Drive.

For more information, please call 703-777-1368 or visit our website at

Media Contact:
Betsy Arnett, Public Information Officer

7 Ways to help with Money During Cold Weather

7 Ways to help with Money During Cold Weather

Avoid winter’s nastiest tricks.

Wintry weather is great at turning up problems you didn’t even know you had. Like that first snowy night in front of your fireplace that you thought was pure bliss — until you noticed a leak in the ceiling corner, which apparently was caused by a lack of insulation. How were you supposed to know that?

Many homeowners don’t realize they’re making critical missteps that can cost a ton when winter sets in. Here are seven wintertime mistakes homeowners often make (and what they could cost you!):

1. Not Buying a $2 Protector for Your Outdoor Faucet

What It’ll Cost You:
Up to $15,000 and a whole lot of grief

It’s amazing what a little frozen water can do damage-wise. An inch of water in your basement can cost up to $15,000 to pump out and dry out. And, yet, it’s so easy to prevent, especially with outdoor faucets, which are the most susceptible to freezing temps.

The simplest thing to do is to remove your garden hose from your outdoor faucet and drain it. Then add a faucet protector to keep cold air from getting into your pipes. They’re really cheap (some are under $2; the more expensive ones are still less than $10). “Get these now,” says Danny Lipford, home improvement expert and host of the “Today’s Homeowner” television and radio shows. “When the weatherman says we’ve got cold coming, they’ll sell out in minutes.”

While you’re at it, make sure any exposed pipes in an unheated basement or garage are insulated, too, or you’ll face the same pricey problem.

Wrap pipes with foam plumbing insulation — before the weather drops. It’s cheap, too, just like the faucet cover (only $1 for six feet of polyethylene insulation). And it’s an easy DIY project, as long as you can reach the pipes.

2. Instagramming Your Icicles Instead of Preventing Them

What It’ll Cost You:
$500 — if you’re lucky; a lot more if you’re not

Those icicles make your home look so picturesque, you just gotta take a few pics. But you better make them quick. Those icicles can literally be a dam problem. (Yes, dam — not the curse word that sounds the same.)

Icicles are a clear sign that you’ve got an ice dam, which is exactly what it sounds like: a buildup of ice on your gutter or roof that prevents melting snow and ice from flowing through your gutters. That’s really bad news because these icy blocks can lead to expensive roofing repairs.

Depending on where you live, expect to pay at least $500 for each ice dam to be steamed off. Leave the ice and you risk long-term damage, which could ultimately cost hundreds or even thousands of dollars to your roof, depending on what type of shingles you have and the size of the damaged area.

How to prevent them? Insulation. “Ice dams, icicles, and ice buildup on the gutters is a symptom of not enough insulation in the attic,” says Chris Johnson, owner of Navarre True Value and several other stores in the Twin Cities area.

And “you need to have at least 14 inches of insulation in your attic, no matter where you live,” says Lipford. If you live in a colder climate, you’ll need more.

If you don’t have the cash to insulate, heated gutter cables, which run between $50 and $150 each, can be a less expensive alternative when temporarily affixed to areas prone to ice damming, Johnson suggests.

3. Going Lazy on Your Gutters

What It’ll Cost You:
You really don’t want to be in a position to find out

It can be so tempting to skip gutter cleanups as winter nears. It seems like as soon as you clear your gutters, they clog right back up again. So what’s the point?

Well, if it looks like you’re living inside a waterfall when it rains, water is missing your gutter system completely. It’s being directed to your foundation instead. And a water-damaged foundation is never, ever cheap to fix.

A contractor can plug foundation cracks for $1,500 to $3,000, says David Verbofsky, director of training for exterior home products manufacturer Ply Gem. But a worse problem, one that requires a foundation excavation or rebuild, can set you back (gulp) $30,000 or more.

Suddenly, cleaning your gutters a few times each fall doesn’t seem so bad. A pro can do the work for anywhere between $70 and $250, depending on the size of your gutter system.

4. Giving Cold Air a Chance to Sneak In

What It’ll Cost You:
Nights where you never feel warm, despite sky-high heating bills

“If it were possible to take every crack on the outside of a typical home and drag them together, you’d have the equivalent of a three-by-three window open all the time,” says Lipford. Yikes.

Yet cracks can be easily and inexpensively sealed with a simple tube of caulk, and it’s available in hundreds of colors to match your window panes, outside siding, and even brick. Not sure where to caulk? Look for visible cracks around:

  • Window sills
  • Baseboards
  • Fireplace or dryer vents
  • Anywhere something inside pokes a hole to the outside

5. Not Getting Personal with Your Thermostat

What It’ll Cost You:
Money you could spend on something else besides heating

We all know we should, but we seem to have some mental block when it comes to programming our thermostats to align with our schedules. It’s not that hard, and sometimes all it takes is buying a new one that suits you. (Like maybe a Wi-Fi one that’ll give you a little money-saving thrill each time you swipe your app.)

“From a cost-savings perspective, a programmable thermostat is a great investment,” Lipford says — as much as 10% off your energy bill, according to the U.S. Department of Energy.

6. Skipping Furnace Tune-Ups

What It’ll Cost You:
A furnace that’ll die years before it should — and higher energy bills

“Forget to service your furnace and you could easily cut five years off the life of your system,” says Lipford, who added that five years is a full third of the typical unit’s life span. New units can cost around $4,000 installed, making the $125 annual maintenance charge a no-brainer.

While you’re at it, don’t forget to replace the furnace filter, which cleans the air in your home, and also keeps your furnace coils cleaner, which can shave up to 15% off your energy bill. Johnson suggests at least every three months, but possibly as often as monthly if you have allergies, pets, or smoke cigarettes at home.

7. Foregoing a Fireplace Inspection

What It’ll Cost You:
Possibly your life — and your home

“A cozy fire is great, but if you don’t maintain your chimney, a fire can cost you thousands of dollars,” says Johnson, not to mention the risk to you and your family.

Schedule your maintenance appointment as early as you can. “If you wait until the busy season, you’ll have a hard time getting them out there, you’ll pay more, and you’ll get a lower quality job,” says Lipford.

13 Common Cooking Mistakes

13 Common Cooking Mistakes to Avoid This Thanksgiving


Hosting Thanksgiving dinner can be stressful even for seasoned experts. It’s a complex task that takes planning both in and out of the kitchen: how many guests will you have, do they have dietary restrictions, do they have other gatherings to attend, and do you have enough space at your table?

Avoid common cooking mistakes to prevent a Thanksgiving day disaster. But remember: mistakes do happen. Whether you dropped the turkey or forgot to cook the rolls, Thanksgiving is mainly about spending time with loved ones. Stop worrying and enjoy the indulgence!

1. Not planning ahead

This is absolutely the most important advice of all. Thanksgiving day can be hectic, especially depending on the family or friends joining you. Do yourself a favor and double or triple check that you have all your ingredients ready for the big day. Take out a pen and paper and plan out each of your dishes, and be sure to pick those with varying prep times—you’ll be thanking yourself later when all your have to do is pull the cranberry sauce out of the fridge to serve.

2. Forgetting the appetizers

When trying to roast the perfect turkey while cooking up your variety of side dishes, it can be easy to forget those starter snacks. Reduce the pressure on yourself to get food on the table as soon as your guests arrive. Allow them to snack on some easy-to-prepare hors d’oeuvres while you focus on the main event. Pick something light and easy such as stuffed peppers or squash bites.

3. Making dinner too late

Thanksgiving feasts are typically served as a dinner. Between running around to prepare, mingling, and waiting for guests to arrive, sometimes meal time gets pushed off into the later hours. Careful of serving too late and tempting your party to miss out on quality time and give in to tryptophan-induced slumber immediately post-dinner.

4. Serving all hot dishes

This goes hand-in-hand with planning ahead—if all of your dishes are to be served hot, you likely won’t have enough burners or oven space to allow them all to be kept hot before serving. Do yourself a favor and serve a room temperature dish such as kale salad or prepare a make-ahead dish such as roasted acorn squash with wild rice stuffing.

5. Buying the wrong turkey

Luckily, the internet has resources aplenty for this difficult decision. The typical recommendation is to account for 1.5 pounds of turkey per person at your table. Use this guide from Wholefoods to determine the proper size and type of turkey for your unique gathering.

6. Stuffing the turkey with stuffing

Of all the Thanksgiving disasters that could happen, getting your guests sick would be one of the worst. Though it’s possible to do, the USDA recommends cooking stuffing outside of the bird. Make sure you’re covering your bases and opt for cooking your stuffing in a casserole. Try our apple and sage stuffing recipe or sausage-current stuffing recipe.

7. Not brining the bird

In the hustle and bustle of planning for the big day, this is a vital step that’s easily overlooked. Brining is key to avoiding a dry and flavorless turkey. Plan ahead for which type of brining you want for your meal: a wet brine for a more juicy and tender meat, or a dry brine for a crispier skin and more turkey flavor.

8. Not cooking the turkey enough (or overcooking)

Get a meat thermometer! Even if you’ve cooked 50 turkeys in your lifetime, it’s worth double checking that the meat is 170°F in the inner thigh of the bird. Make sure the juices run clear, as well. Follow our guide to an easy roast turkey for tips.

9. Carving the turkey wrong

Once you serve your perfectly roasted bird, the work isn’t over. You don’t want a turkey butchered the wrong way to depreciate your hours of preparing a perfectly cooked bird. Have no shame in using a carving guide or outsourcing this task to your uncle’s expertise.

10. Throwing out the pan dripping

You should be planning to throw together your Gravy recipe fresh on the big day. It’s simple and takes about 15 minutes, but don’t throw out one of the most important ingredients: the pan drippings!

11. Not setting the table ahead of time

If you have energetic kids in attendance at your event, this is a good task to keep them occupied. Don’t let the food get cold (or burn) while you run around setting silverware. We recommend making a seating chart as part of your planning and setting the table the night before—especially if you have any guests you might want to keep separated.

12. Not accepting help

Hosting is no easy task. As is, you’ll be running around all day ensuring that all of your guests are comfortable, happy, and well-fed. If you get offers to contribute dishes or clean up after the main event, don’t be shy about accepting. After all, it’s your holiday, too. Confirm contributions with guests a few days before the feast, so you can properly plan ahead. If grandma’s stuffing needs some oven space in the morning, you’ll want to make sure you’re able to accommodate.

13. Getting too ambitious

We recommend saving the inventive dishes for your role as contributor to a feast, not host. No need to create more work for yourself by planning complicated and creative dishes to impress your guests—they’re there for the tradition, and your company! If you do want to include a memorable dish that’s a little out-of-the-box, practice the recipe a few times before the day comes. You’ll be able to work out the nuances of the dish before it’s shared with all your loved ones.


October 2015

4th-7th. Fair and pleasant weather with some unseasonably cold mornings.
8th-11th. Heavy showers, gusty thunderstorms, then clearing, quite cool weather.
12th-15th. Pleasant weather returns.
16th-19th. Showers, then clearing skies.
20th-23rd. Rain and milder.
24th-27th. Thunderstorms, then clearing.
28th-31st. Fair skies, then showers.

November 2015

1st-3rd. Fair, cold. Ideal for runners in NYC Marathon.
4th-7th. Stormy with heavy rains,perhaps mixed with sleet, wet snow in the mountains.
8th-11th. Fair skies.
12th-15th. Rain, then clearing.
16th-19th. Increasingly cloudy with rain, (over the mountains) snow.
20th-23rd. More rain, wet snow, then clearing, colder.
24th-27th. Unsettled Thanksgiving with light snow, flurries, then clearing.
28th-30th. Mostly fair.

December 2015

1st-3rd. Snow and rain.




Residents in the NW & NE quadrants (this includes North King Street) 
There is NO change in your collection schedule.  Your trash, recycling,yard waste and bulk items will be collected on Friday, November 27th. To be on this list, your request must be received before NOON on Wednesday, November 25th.